Have you ever suffered from anxiety or panic attacks? Perhaps before a race of competition, teaching a class, giving a presentation, taking an exam, or maybe even meeting a new person? We all have times in our life when we may feel some anxiety or nervousness. This can often feel uncomfortable and even frustrating because we lose our sense of control and presence, and it can be challenging to function normally when these anxious feelings arise.
As many kids do, I suffered from some social anxiety as a child and during my early teenage years. The anxiety manifested itself in different ways even into my 20s and early 30s. I had panic attacks where I felt short of breath and thought I was going to pass out, and my whole body ached. I had no idea at the time these were panic attacks, however looking back I later realized I was living with such a deep sense of inner anxiety and this was causing these scary physical symptoms. I even ended up in ER a couple of times because I was so anxious about my physical symptoms, not realizing that it was my anxiety that was causing the physical symptoms in the first place!
Even after I realized that anxiety was the underlying cause, I was convinced that these anxious feelings and physical symptoms were outside of my control. They certainly felt that way. My anxiety often took over my whole body, and by that time, it felt like there was no going back.
In 2010 during my yoga teacher training, I learned and practiced various yoga breathing techniques called pranayama. Some of these breathing techniques felt a little strange at first, although after practicing them for a few days, I began to notice some shifts in my levels of overall nervousness and anxiety, and in my emotions as a whole. My anxiety was beginning to reduce and I felt lighter in my body and calmer in my mind. This was a big ah-ha moment for me as I realized that I was in fact in control of my physical symptoms and my anxiety. I learned that practicing these breathing techniques as a daily practice, before the anxiety arose was key. So I starting to integrate these pranayama techniques into my daily morning practice.
I'm sharing with you here 3 of my favorite pranayama techniques that helped me to reduce my anxiety and allowed these debilitating panic attacks to cease. I also teach these techniques during our Body Flows yoga retreats.
Dirgha Pranayama is a deeply calming breath that slows down the breathing process. It increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream so that the body learns to function more efficiently by using less oxygen. This breath uses the full capacity of the lungs, removing stale air and toxins and keeps the chest and lungs flexible and relaxed. We often find our energy levels increase after practicing Dirgha Pranayama. This happens because it is renewing the entire system, improving digestion and elimination as well.
Method: Lie down on your back. Take a deep inhale slowly and let the air travel all the way into the belly and into the bottom of the lungs. You can place one hand on your belly to feel the belly really expand. Then continue inhaling as you feel an expansion of the rib cage upwards and out to the sides. Continue inhaling and let the air travel up under the shoulders as it fills the lungs completely, even feeling the chest and upper back expand. You can place the other hand on your chest to feel this area expand under your hand. Then exhale slowly from the top to the bottom, letting the air release first from the chest then the rib cage then the belly last. Finally draw the belly back towards the spine gently as you engage the abdominal muscles at the end of the exhalation to squeeze out all of the residual air. Start by doing 3 full rounds, then take a break and come back to normal breath. If you feel good, do a few more rounds, and work your way up to doing 8-10 full rounds of inhale/exhale. Then rest.
The Nadis are pathways or channels of life force energy or prana through the body. They are similar to the veins and arteries in the physical body that are used for blood flow. The Nadis are part of the subtle energy body. Shodhana means 'to purify or cleanse'. So Nadi Shodhaha Pranayama means to cleanse and purify the subtle energy pathways so the prana or life force energy can flow more easily through the body.
Method: Sit in a comfortable seated position with the spine straight. Use your right thumb and right ring finger for Nadi Shodhana. Close the right nostril with the thumb and exhale through the left nostril for a count of 6. Inhale through the left for a count of 6. Close using the ring finger and hold the breath for a count of 6. Remove the thumb and exhale through the right for 6. Inhale through the right for 6, close for 6, exhale through the left for 6. Continue like this with smooth, deep breathing through alternating nostrils. Begin with 3 rounds on each side, then take a break. Work your way up to doing 8-10 rounds on each side. If you experience any dizziness or nausea during this practice then return to normal breath and take a break.
Nadi Shodhana stimulates and balances the right and left sides of the brain. If you notice that one nostril is more blocked than the other, you may have a tendency to using one side of your brain more than the others, the right side being the creative and intuitive brain, and the left brain being the logical and rational thinking brain. This pranayama also strengthens, calms, and regulates the nadis, enhances the elimination of waste and increases our energy levels.
Ujjayi Pranayama is a deeply relaxing and soothing breath. The breath is lengthened and the air is drawn to the bottom of the lungs. As the mind focuses on the sound of this breath, a deep sense of presence and meditation occurs more easily. The Ujjayi breath can also heighten our self awareness and enhance creativity within. Ujjayi means 'victorious' so it’s also a great breath practice to help us feel a sense of personal empowerment and victory in our daily life! Let's celebrate every day for just being alive!
Method: Restrict the airflow slightly at the back of the throat, and say 'haaaa' as if you were fogging a mirror, but with your mouth closed. Keep the sound smooth and even. Your breath may even sound like the waves at the ocean, long, deep, hollowed sounds of the waves. Ujjayi is an audible breath and is the breath used most commonly during a yoga asana class. Continue in this way with long deep breaths. You can practice this during your yoga asana class, a seated meditation, or even when running. I often find it helps my body to relax more when I run and as a result I begin to feel lighter and even run faster! I teach this breath practice during yoga classes, and also when teaching natural and injury-free ChiRunning classes.
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Author: Sally Mitchell, founder of Body Flows Yoga Retreats and RYT 200 Yoga Teacher leads yoga retreats in the USA, Mexico and Costa Rica. Sally also uses her technology and marketing skills from 20 years working in the corporate world to offer website development and SEO Services for other yoga teachers and wellness practitioners. Living in beautiful Sonoma, California, after 15 years in NYC and San Francisco, her approach as a leader and teacher is holistic, balanced and grounded. She enjoys practicing and studying yoga, hiking and trail running in nature, traveling, writing, blogging and inspiring others to live a more spiritual and meaningful life.